NANO ELECTRICAL AND MICRO ELECTRICAL NANO NATIONAL INITIATIVE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. UNIVERSITIES. DEFENSE AND DEFENSE INDUSTRY. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AI. STEM SCHOOLS. MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES AND CONTRACTORS. TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTES AND COMPANIES (BIOLOGICAL COMPUTERS). ILLINOIS SMARTSTATE DEFENSE PARTNERS UNDER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. UILABS. MXD. DMDII. NIST. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY. TURNING THE HUMAN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM INTO COMPUTERS. This report on nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, and nanomagnetics is one of a series of reports resulting from topical workshops convened during 2003 and 2004 by the Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Technology. The workshops were part of the NSET Subcommittee’s long-range planning effort for the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), the multi-agency Federal nanotechnology program. The NNI is driven by long-term goals based on broad community input, in part received through these workshops. The NNI seeks to accelerate the research, development, and deployment of nanotechnology to address national needs, enhance our Nation’s economy, and improve the quality of life in the United States and around the world, through coordination of activities and programs across the Federal Government.At each topical workshop, nanotechnology experts from industry, academia, and government were asked to develop broad, long-term (ten years or longer), visionary goals and to identify scientific and technological barriers that once overcome will enable advances toward those goals. The reports resulting from this series of workshops inform the respective professional communities, as well as various organizations that have responsibilities for coordinating, implementing, and guiding the NNI. The reports also provide direction to the researchers and program managers in specific areas of nanotechnology R&D regarding long-term goals and obstacles to reaching those goals.This workshop was convened to solicit input from the research community on the NNI research agenda relating to the uses and impact of nanoscale science and engineering within the fields of electronics, photonics, and magnetics, and its role in integrating these technologies within the broad area of information technology. The nanotechnology experts were asked to (1) develop long-term, visionary goals within topical areas and (2) identify specific barriers (or “hard problems”) inhibiting “quantum advances” toward those goals.Electronics, photonics, and magnetics are critical areas of research and development for the information technology industry—a sector that is vital to both the economy and defense of the United States. This workshop report provides recommendations for the NNI research agenda in five major categories related to information technology: acquisition, storage and memory, information processing, transmission, and system-level integration.The findings from this workshop were taken into consideration by the NSET Subcommittee in the preparation of the December 2004 National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan and served as input to the December 2007 update to that plan. The expert opinions voiced at the workshop have also guided managers from the Federal agencies in the development of programs that make up part of the fiscal year 2006–2009 budget requests for the NNI. The strong continuing NNI investment in the science of electronic, photonic, and magnetic devices and systems, as well as in the materials, processes, and instrumentation needed to fabricate and characterize them, reflects the consensus that the future of these fields lies at the nanoscale.On behalf of the NSET Subcommittee, we wish to thank Drs. Gernot Pomrenke and Chagaan Baatar for their creativity and hard work in organizing and conducting an outstanding workshop that offered a glimpse at that future. We also thank all the speakers, session chairs, and participants for their timeNanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, and Nanomagnetic

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